North American Gray Wolf Finds Home as Service Dog

When a truck driver adopted a 6-week-old wolf cub, he was just looking for a companion to accompany him on long hauls. Nick Battles says he had no idea that the North American Gray Wolf would one day save his life.

When a truck driver adopted a 6-week-old wolf cub, he was just looking for a companion to accompany him on long hauls. Nick Battles says he had no idea that the North American Gray Wolf would one day save his life.

Kodie was protected by the Endangered Species Act. At his home in Woodland, Kodie is the protector. The twelve year old evolved from a companion dog to a service dog over the course of a few years.

Battles was diagnosed with diabetes in 2004 and shortly thereafter, realized that Kodie would lick his arm within 30 minutes of him needing to take insulin.

“Kodie started to let me know there was something going on,” Battles said.

After enrollment in a training course Kodie was certified as a service dog.

“It didn’t take him much time; he picked up on it right away,” Battles said. “It’s really nice because now he can go everywhere I go, in stores and restaurants.”

Battles says the decision to take Kodie in was life changing in more ways than one. “He’s just been a really great friend,” Battles said. “He’s really good. I’m bonded to him more than I have been bonded to any other dog.”

When Battle raised Kodie, the wolf pup would fall asleep with his owner’s hand in his mouth like it was a security blanket.

“He acts real independent, but if I get out of his sight he starts to whine and howl,” Battles said. “He keeps a pretty careful eye on what I’m doing.”

Battles says Kodie has traveled to more states than many Americans, loves snow, vanilla ice cream, and for some reason, loves to play with any Chihuahua he meets. Since his retirement, Battles and Kodie are spending their days camping and enjoying time together. The pair will be vacationing at Lake Almanor in June.

196 thoughts on “North American Gray Wolf Finds Home as Service Dog

    1. Nope – not the first. My 1st service dog for the handicapped was a wolfdog & certified in ’80.

      1. There was no such thing as a certified service wolf in 1980 or now! There wasn’t even the ADA back then! At that point in time, it was just a few guide dog schools training guide dogs and they used GSDs, labs, or golden retrievers.

        I do believe you are full of it.

        1. Service dog training began in Germany after WWI, and came to America in the 20’s. They were mainly for the blind and then the deaf. Serious training of dogs for mobility issues was pushed in the 70’s.

    1. i am not sure the wolf spent a lot of time in the wild. Mr. Battles has had the Wolf since he was 6 weeks old.

  1. My late husband and I were honored to have rescued 2 wolf/hybrids who were about to be put down….the most intelligent, loyal, loving and fun of ANY breed of a dog I have ever had. It wasn’t easy, but it was definitely worth it….we learned a lot.

  2. Cassandra, where did you find this information? I’ve googled and can’t find where you got your info from. Can you post the source please?

  3. Unfortunately a wolf or first gen wolf hybrid is illegal to own under california law, and according to the DOJ and the ADA, any wolf dog hybrid is NOT able to be a service dog because it is not legally a dog. California law reflects the ADA, so therefore it this is completely illegal. Sweet story, and I’m sure all of you are heart warmed and all, but what this person is doing is both dangerous and illegal.

  4. I always though in my heart that Wolves can be domesticated to live with us and make great dog companions. I guess I was right!!! 🙂

  5. Umm, not great. Wolves are not dogs and are not covered under the ADA or CA state law. I spoke to the ADA legal department about this, a wolf or a wolfdog are not considered dogs and are not allowed to be service animals. And there is no such thing as a certified service dog in this country, there is no federally recognized certification for service dogs in the US. And forcing a wild animal to live in an RV is cruel. It is also illegal to own a wolf or an F1 gen hybrid in California. If you claim to love wolves, then you’d want them to be treated right. This is not right or legal.

    “Service animal means any dog that is individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability, including a physical, sensory, psychiatric, intellectual, or other mental disability. Other species of animals, whether wild or domestic, trained or untrained, are not service animals for the purposes of this definition. The work or tasks performed by a service animal must be directly related to the individual´s disability. Examples of work or tasks include, but are not limited to, assisting individuals who are blind or have low vision with navigation and other tasks, alerting individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing to the presence of people or sounds, providing non-violent protection or rescue work, pulling a wheelchair, assisting an individual during a seizure, alerting individuals to the presence of allergens, retrieving items such as medicine or the telephone, providing physical support and assistance with balance and stability to individuals with mobility disabilities, and helping persons with psychiatric and neurological disabilities by preventing or interrupting impulsive or destructive behaviors. The crime deterrent effects of an animal´s presence and the provision of emotional support, well-being, comfort, or companionship do not constitute work or tasks for the purposes of this definition.”

    http://www.ada.gov/regs2010/titleIII_2010/titleIII_2010_withbold.htm

    http://www.ada.gov/service_animals_2010.htm

    1. Service animal is any animal trained to do a task for a disabled person and all dogs are direct descendants of wolves who were domesticated by native americans who took the most desirable trait wolves and continued cross breeding with others with desirable traits and similar species to create dogs so how the hell can a wolf not be considered a dog when all dogs trace back to wolves and they were the first companions for man. Any state laws regarding breed discrimination are superseded by federal ADA laws that also considers, miniature horses, monkeys, and other animals that provide assistance and services for handicapped individuals service animals. The Federal law is Service Animal not service dog and California needs to get with it regarding ADA rules as I have had businesses fined for not allowing me and my wolf who is Certified regarding Good Citizen training, not to mention various other training programs for task specific duties and registered in my state and local government as well as two doctors letters supporting my use of a service animal for physcial and mental disabilities that progress as I grow older. We have traveled across the country and everywhere I go I hear nothing but compliments on her manners and behavior as she lays patiently by my side regardless of what I am doing resting so she can maintain her vigil when I drive allowing me to continue a freedom I would not have and be stranded in a area where public transportation is not available and no one in my life that gives a damn, so would be unable to survive if not for her assistance.
      Wolf dogs are also used by police departments and the FBI for bomb detection, drug detection and various other tasks. They are extremely loyal, to the family and in their relationships mate for life. They have brains 2/3 larger then normal dogs, not to mention 10 x better sense of vision, smell, hearing and taste, and anyone that does not see the value of extremely loyal family dedicated animal that has not been polluted by attempts to create what man determines is the perfect companion when GOD already created it, is a total idiot. Wolves are highly respected and sacred to the American Indians and if White Men had half the respect and love for Gods creations as the Native Americans did, our country, planet and world would not be the disgusting trash dump we have turned it into

      1. A CGC does not certify a service dog! Read the definition of service animal posted above. It says dogs. Dogs are not wolves. Call the ADA hotline like I did and they will tell you that wolves and wolfdogs are not allowed to be service animals.

        You have gotten your information completely backwards. Did you buy fake certification off the internet?

  6. I’ve always heard it is illegal to own a wolf as a house pet in any state. I know some states have laws restricting the wolf/dog hybrid. Wolves still have wild instincts.

  7. The article says it’s a wolf, not a hybrid. If it’s past a first gen hybrid it’s legal to OWN in CA with an exotic animal license I believe, but under no law is this allowed to be a service animal with public access as long as it has a teeny, tiny bit of wolf in it.

  8. Service Dogs under ADA law:

    “Service animals are defined as dogs that are individually trained to do work or perform tasks for people with disabilities. Examples of such work or tasks include guiding people who are blind, alerting people who are deaf, pulling a wheelchair, alerting and protecting a person who is having a seizure, reminding a person with mental illness to take prescribed medications, calming a person with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) during an anxiety attack, or performing other duties. Service animals are working animals, not pets. The work or task a dog has been trained to provide must be directly related to the person’s disability. Dogs whose sole function is to provide comfort or emotional support do not qualify as service animals under the ADA.”

    http://www.ada.gov/service_animals_2010.htm

    A wolf is NOT a dog. A wolfdog would be debatable on whether or not they would be covered under ADA.

    As for how I know this is a wolfdog and not a wolf. I’ve spent over 5 years around wolfdogs from no content to low content to high content. My profile picture is of a very high content animal. You can NOT have a wolf that looks and acts like a dog. Higher content wolfdogs by nature are NOT interested in pleasing their owner, they are very independent albeit loving. They are also by nature RIDICULOUSLY fearful of strangers. A wolfdog as a SD is rare at best.

  9. Amanda, absolutely I will NOT let it be. As someone who has medical disabilities and uses a service dog it is a shame to see something so misrepresented.

    Also Life With Dogs there are key differences between a wolf, a dog, and a wolfdog. I’m not basing anything on guessing. I’m using phenotyping and the biggest giveaway is the huge GSD ears, the short legs, lack of coat blend, prominent mask, and with further pictures I could tick off more dog traits.

    I have hands on experience with wolfdogs and help with phenotyping at a local rescue.
    http://thedarkforestgroup.com/files/Effective_Wolfdog_Phenotyping_w97watermarked.pdf

  10. Actually, someone, I believe Michele, called the DOJ and they consulted with their legal team about this. They said no hybrids.

  11. Wolves as “pets” are hard to keep. Wolves don’t generalize like dogs do in the way of socialization. If you socialize a puppy dog to guys in hats, usually you have a dog that will accept men in hats. Wolves, however, have to be socialized to individuals. They don’t accept all men in hats are “okay” because of a good experience in puppyhood. It would be near impossible to have a pure wolf be able to walk into a store with you and not be wary of every person, sight, and sound. I doubt Kodie is anywhere near pure wolf.

    They seem to have a great relationship, though, so it doesn’t matter what Kodie is. Just matters that they have each other!

    1. Jenna I have to dis-agree with you on Wolves as “pets” are hard to keep.

      If you do the ground research of raising a wolf/ you will have a wonderful pet. It is not easy as they are NOT dogs!
      I know I have raised 2, one is now 16 yrs. old and the other is 10. I would not trade them for anything in this world.

  12. I did indeed call them and the legal department was consulted. A wolfdog hybrid is not covered by the ADA. As some said, let wild animals be the animals they are. They are not domesticated, let them be!

  13. service animals do not have to be a dog in California !! just can’t be endangering other peoples safety

    1. Actually, they do have to be dogs. None of the laws in California use the phrase “service animal” they use “service dog”, “guide dog” and “signal dog”.
      California Civil Code 54-55.3 You can find it on leginfo.ca.gov

          1. ummmm,yes they are dogs.Just as well as youre lab,pit,or sheppard which is the closest descendent of wolves.i say if I cannot have a hybrid as a service animal then the law enforcement should not use sheppards as a k-9

  14. Again, let it be. Unless you have some pull, let it be. Otherwise I’ll applaud you in your efforts to stop this person from doing what they’re doing while you complain. 😉

  15. @Cassandra………I see that you omitted the word “ANY” dog in the first sentence. Why did you do that? Just curious??? Here is the correct sentencing…….A: The ADA defines a service animal as ANY guide dog, signal dog, or other animal individually trained to provide assistance to an individual with a disability. If they meet this definition, animals are considered service animals under the ADA regardless of whether they have been licensed or certified by a state or local government. Why are you so bent out of shape over this? He has had this service animal since it was 6 weeks old. It is the only companion he knows.

    1. That is an old definition. Look up the latest definition. It doesn’t use the term “animal” any longer.

    2. This is the current definition, you have the old one.

      Service animals are defined as dogs that are individually trained to do work or perform tasks for people with disabilities. Examples of such work or tasks include guiding people who are blind, alerting people who are deaf, pulling a wheelchair, alerting and protecting a person who is having a seizure, reminding a person with mental illness to take prescribed medications, calming a person with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) during an anxiety attack, or performing other duties. Service animals are working animals, not pets. The work or task a dog has been trained to provide must be directly related to the person’s disability. Dogs whose sole function is to provide comfort or emotional support do not qualify as service animals under the ADA.

      http://www.ada.gov/service_animals_2010.htm

  16. if he is actually a wolf, i think he should have been living in the wild. it’s the same story with lions and tigers that are kept as pets, they would prefer freedom rather than living inside a small house. just because wolves look like dogs don’t give us the right to ‘domesticate’ them and keep them selfishly for ourselves.

  17. oh and Cassandra…………it does say “or other animal individually trained………. Just sayin’

  18. licks his arm; hand in its mouth – wow, I can’t help but think about the fairy tales with wolves in them. my, what a tasty arm you have, said the wolf.

  19. And Sheryl, according to the DOJ a wolf dog of any level is not a dog. The DOJ is the governing body that oversees ADA regulations. They have the final word and they say hybrids are not covered. And Garfield, in CA only dogs can be service animals, please tell me where you are getting your misinformation.

  20. @Sheryl, your looking at a different area or website. I am looking at the government PDF file ( http://www.ada.gov/service_animals_2010.htm ) under how “Service Animal” Is Defined. Also, emphasis on DOG in your definition. A wolfdog is a mix between wolf and dog, neither fully dog or fully wolf. They are considered domestic in some states and exotics in others. Also @Michele is in some of the service dog groups I am in. We were discussing this article earlier in the week when it was first published else where. Michele (which I didn’t know about until now) called the department of justice to find out if wolfdogs were covered under ADA law. They are NOT. Meaning it would be illegal for the handler to claim his animal is a service dog if he is even a wolfdog.

  21. @Cassandra………go back and read your copy of ADA laws on your first sentence and read to one from ADA….”any” dog is underlined in the ADA laws from the Dept. of Justice. What I have written is pulled from the following……… U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Disability Rights Section

  22. We had a wolf-hybrid…7/8 th’s wolf, 1/8 Husky. He would have made a wonderful service animal. Funny, gentle, kind, loving, smart, intuitive, AND completely house-broken! We had him until he grew old and passed away. Still miss him very much.

  23. Sheryl, that’s the old definition. Laws were changed in 2010. Did you actually read any of the other comments before posting?

    “Service animal means any DOG that is individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability, including a physical, sensory, psychiatric, intellectual, or other mental disability. Other species of animals, whether wild or domestic, trained or untrained, are not service animals for the purposes of this definition. The work or tasks performed by a service animal must be directly related to the individual´s disability. Examples of work or tasks include, but are not limited to, assisting individuals who are blind or have low vision with navigation and other tasks, alerting individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing to the presence of people or sounds, providing non-violent protection or rescue work, pulling a wheelchair, assisting an individual during a seizure, alerting individuals to the presence of allergens, retrieving items such as medicine or the telephone, providing physical support and assistance with balance and stability to individuals with mobility disabilities, and helping persons with psychiatric and neurological disabilities by preventing or interrupting impulsive or destructive behaviors. The crime deterrent effects of an animal´s presence and the provision of emotional support, well-being, comfort, or companionship do not constitute work or tasks for the purposes of this definition.”

    http://www.ada.gov/regs2010/titleIII_2010/titleIII_2010_withbold.htm

  24. Sheryl, the ADA was updated, you are looking at the old regulations. Please read the REVISED ones. Only dogs, and in some cases miniature horses, are covered for public access under federal law.

  25. Jeanette, you probably had a 8/8 dog with husky/gsd/and malamute. High contents tend to have a high prey drive viewing kids as “squeky toys” (which is why most wd attacks are on kids), they are monsters in the house and very few high contents are able to be brought inside as they are EXTREMELY destructive eating dry wall, furniture, doors, door frames, etc… Your animals was likely a misrepresented DOG as well…

  26. And this animal (if it really is a wolf and not a dog mistaken for a wolf) is illegal to own in California. Local animal control was called as living in an RV is not the life a wolf should lead.

  27. The quote Michele put is the CURRENT ADA definition of a Service Animal “Service animal means any dog that is individually trained.” Those who are saying “or other animal” that is the OLD definition. ADA purposefully took out other animals effective March 2011.

  28. ._. Jeez, what’s arguing with people you’ve never seen before on a social network gonna accomplish, Cassanadra? You must be really bored. we get, you’re a wolf fanatic.

  29. To all of the naysayers and people who are telling us to leave the poor wolfie and its owner alone, please understand. Us REAL service dog users have had to fight hard to keep our rights for public access. Articles like this hurt us very much. This will lead others to think that they can have wolf hybrids as service animals (they can’t by law) and many hybrids are a DANGER to bring into crowded public situations. If someone brings a wolf dog out as a SD and it attacks someone, that would be a huge blow towards our rights as people with disabilities. We take this very seriously.

  30. Whatever the case, it would cruel for any of us to try and take this animal away from his owner since this is all he’s known. So let’s all just forget we read this and leave them alone.

  31. @Cassandra……..I have a copy of the updated ADA……….OH and you can have a miniature horses as service animals too……….just sayin’ again! 🙂

  32. Sorry, life as a disabled person isn’t all that exciting. Let me go crawl back into my hellhole of a disabled life so you guys can coo about how sweet it is that some dude is keeping a wild animal (according to the article) in an RV.

  33. Gezzzzzzzzzzz she is a buzz kill……….I think she needs to take a good stiff drink or a chill pill. One of the two and just move on.

  34. emphasis being on dog not “any”. This is no “dog” no matter how you pull it. This article is embarrassing to disabled handlers that have actual SDs. You wonder why the SD community gets bent out of shape but don’t think about the impact it has.

    There is no such thing as “certified” and Kodie isn’t a ADA protected SD. It’s owner and the Life of Dogs fan base can scream “service dog” all they want but it won’t change the fact that Kodie has no access rights and is not a service dog.

    Those of you complaining about over reacting…..just wait until your service dog gets attacked by some idiot dragging his mutt around claiming it’s a “certified service dog”…oh wait…none of the people telling us to stop complaining know what having a service dog means….or what it means to even chance losing one. If you did…you’d understand why articles like these are so misleading, inaccurate, and negatively effect those that are actual service dog handlers.

  35. Jeez, some people are rabid and can not just let a story alone and enjoy it for what it is. Whatever jurisdiction this man is in this “pet” has been vetted. You just do not turn up with a wolf and put a “service dog” sticker on it. Holy hell, which one of you will step in when this obvious “dog” is taken away from this man. Just to have a pissing match on the interent……Sorry behavior.

  36. No Sheryl, you need to understand this is a serious issue that directly effects real service dog handlers and our rights.

  37. If I’m a buzz kill, then you can stop reading this thread and go freshen up your buzz and leave us alone.

  38. Well said Alyssa Miller. The uproar over the certification is understandable. But assertions that Kodie is not a wolf are based on an opinion formed by looking at a picture.

  39. Well according to Michele someone has called animal control, so i am sure there will be more to the story

  40. There is nothing to enjoy about a person breaking federal and state law, and possibly putting others in danger.

  41. @Cassandra………….OKAY………LETS BEAT UP ON THE DISABLED GUY THAT HAS RAISED HIM FROM A PUP AND KNOCK HIM OVER THE HEAD FOR OWNING A DOG THAT PROVIDES LIFE SAVING SERVICE TO HIM. WOULD THAT MAKE YOU HAPPY??????

  42. Alyssa, wolfdogs aren’t aggressive. But yes it does threaten the rights of service dog handlers.

  43. No one has “vetted” this animal. No real service dog trainer would take on a wolf for service dog work. There is no system in this country to test service dogs. Wolves and hybrids can’t be vaccinated for rabies, I doubt the animal is even licensed. If it is a real wolf that is.

  44. This is absurd and Sheryl really needs to update her information, especially if she is a Service dog handler herself! & Nobody is saying that Kodie needs to be taken away from his owner, but legally, he is NOT allowed to be a service animal in public and that itself is very problematic to those of us with legitimate service dogs that we need. I understand that Kodie alerts to his low blood sugar and that is wonderful, but he needs to train another dog that can serve as an appropriate service animal. I’m not even going to touch his “certification” – which any good service animal handler should know is a load of bull.

  45. I got two things out of this story and the comments associated with it….1) its awesome story of companionship. 2) California sucks

  46. Are we even sure this is a wolf and not some husky/mix some one is trying to pass off as a wolf? we are fussing about

  47. Not all are, but some are, and they are more likely to react aggressively out of fear. And Sheryl, if this was a DOG, we would not be having this debate!!! If it’s a legal hybrid he needs to keep it properly under the law, and if he needs a service animal he needs to get a dog. End of story!!!!

  48. Life With Dogs the opinion is NOT based on appearance alone and takes many aspects such as coat color, coat length, ear shape, fur on ears, chest width, height, personality, and so many other characteristics. It just is NOT possible for a wolf or high content wolfdog to both look and act like a dog. It defies science…

  49. no one’s beating up on the guy…we’re commenting on the damaging effect of this article and misrepresentation of his dog. If his dog helps him that’s great…..but I’m not supporting an article that leads the public to believe that wolf hybrids or any other species that is not a dog or miniature horse guide can be an actual service animal.

    as for your quoting ADA….”any breed of dog” that only applies to DOGS….not Kodie because KODIE IS NOT A DOG.

  50. Since the owner drives (or drove) long hauls, I wonder which law trumps the other as they travel from place to place: service dogs allowed everywhere, or possession of exotic species banned?

  51. @Sheryl, NO that won’t make me happy but he needs to represent the animal for what he is which is NOT a wolf. He also needs to take a good look at ADA law and find out if he is breaching it. Michele had previously contacted the Department of Justice earlier in the week when the article first surfaced to find out if wolfdogs are covered, when she called they said they were NOT. Well if they aren’t covered under ada law Battles could face serious legal reprocutions for falsely labeling his animal as a service dog which also puts the whole service dog community in danger. It is NOT just Battles in this case it affects MANY people.

  52. Hmmm so what is everyone hoping to achieve….to separate them? How would that make you feel if the shoe was on the other foot? Hey let’s take all dogs that look like wolves away from respective owners this is how it starts.

    1. Once again…NOBODY wants to take the animal away. That’s just cruel. All anyone is worried about is a) An accident which is possible due to the breeding (lack thereof) and high stress environment the wolf is being put in, and 2) idiots thinking this is cool, then going out and getting a wolf or wolfdog to have as a service animal, and once again! Causing an accident.
      All of these things would HARM the rights of other Disabled peoples who rely on their Service Dogs for everyday life.

      Ideally, They keep the wolf (because i’m sure he’s a wonderful PET) – and if he enjoys having the freedom and safety a Medical Alert Dog gives – he can either buy one, or train one himself to bring with him. Ensuring the safety of himself, those around him, and the other disabled individuals who CANNOT afford to deal with any bad press coming their way.

  53. Cassandra Godwin you can count on a follow up. 🙂
    If Battles is not being honest we’d love to find out – all we have to work with is his word.

  54. Natasha, did you even read any of this? We don’t want them separated, we want this man to abide the law and respect the fact that Kodie is not a true service animal and therefore does not have public access rights or protection under the ADA.

  55. follow up? It would be a lot easier to just take out all the parts saying “certified” and take out all the parts that say service dog and everyone would be fine.

  56. Life With Dogs said there has been no DNA on the dog so we don’t know if the animal is Dog/Wolf or combo of the two. Am I correct, Life With Dogs?????????

  57. He should not have brought this attention on himself. No one is saying the dog/wolf/hybrid? should be taken away, but Now it seems we have all opened a can of worms and i fear for Kodi’s life.

  58. We’ve already disproven Kodie’s “service dog” status. So there is a point in altering his claims.

    and I’m curious why one would fear for Kodi’s life.

  59. I really doubt that anyone here is hoping for Kodie to be seized. I think the SD community just wants the misrepresentation to stop. Battles can keep Kodie….we’re just asking Life with Dogs and other people to stop promoting him as a service dog…because Kodie is neither “dog” nor “certified service dog”.

  60. @Kipi You know how these stories end up. If he is a illegal wolf/ hybrid, who cannot be sent to the wild animal control will destroy him.

  61. @Denise Holcomb, I could not agree with you more………..Listen people, lets just remember this one thing. The man is disabled. He has had this animal since 6 weeks and the dog is now 12. Don’t you think something would have happened in those 12 years? Also, unless you are disabled depending on an animal to provide life saving services then take that into consideration. God made him and they are paired. I just want to enjoy to article and that is all.

    1. You do realize the majority of the people replying to you ARE disabled, and DO depend on their Service Dog to save their life and retain some semblance of function and independence, right?

      No one here is ignorantly saying a disabled man have his service animal taken away, merely that the abide by the same laws that we all do, to ensure the safety of all of us. Myself included, as I am a disabled individual hoping to train a service dog for myself in the near future.

  62. I just want them to decided whether it’s dog or a wolf. If it’s dog, fine. If it’s a wolf then it’s not a service dog and should not be kept in an RV.

  63. You may want to just “enjoy” the article, but in REALITY this article has the potential to cause MAJOR HARM to the service dog community. You can’t just live in a bubble ignorant of the law. And we ARE people with disabilities (we are NOT disabled) who are dependent on our SERVICE DOGS who are trained to meet the legal requirements under both federal and state law.

  64. Life With Dogs please contact a few rescues with pictures if you would like verification that Kodie is not a “wolf” I am not saying he won’t be a labeled as a wolfdog. But he is not a pure wolf. Some rescues to contact for more information on whether or not Kodie is a pure wolf or wolfdog would be the following which can make educated decisions based on phenotyping which is what rescues have to rely on when they see an animal labeled as a “wolf” or “wolfdog”. Battles I don’t think is lying intentionally. I think like many other people Battles has been fooled and misinformed. I feel Battles truly believes he has a pure wolf and like so many others has been scammed.
    In Harmony With Nature Animal Haven
    Shy Wolf Sanctuary
    Big Oak Wolf Sanctuary
    http://www.wrr-inc.org/ (don’t have an fb page)
    http://www.howlingwoods.org/ (don’t have an fb page)

    A group of wolfdog enthusiasts including breeders, owners, those that volunteer with wolfdogs, those that rescue wolfdogs, etc… recently helped to put together two pages (still in the works) about wolfdogs and wolfdog look alikes.

    http://www.dogbreedinfo.com/w/wolfdog.htm

    http://www.dogbreedinfo.com/w/wolfdogmistakenidentity.htm

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